Measuring Interdisciplinarity (NSF Tool)

This projects implements, tests and documents a tool that reads bibliographic data from reference files submitted via FastLane, identifies journal names and matches journal names against a master list of about 18,000 journals that are tracked by Scopus and Reuters/Thomson Scientific (ISI SCI, SSCI, and A&H Indexes), and science-locates each reference file on the UCSD Map of Science covering all sciences as well as the arts and humanities, and identifies groups of reference files based on journal name co-occurrences.

Developing a Tool to Measure Interdisciplinarity from Award References. NSF Contract (Katy Börner, $24,900) Jan. 10-March 3, 2009.

Mapping the Emergence and Development of Scientific Disciplines (MapDev)
Previous Collaborators: Katy Börner

Mapping the Emergence and Development of Scientific Disciplines. James S. McDonnell Foundation grant in area 21st Century Science-Special Initiative/Studying Complex Systems (Katy Börner, $364,787)

Interactive Tool for Research Grant Data Analysis (NSF Tool)
Previous Investigators: Bruce W. Herr II, and Katy Börner

We developed a highly-interactive mapping system based on a publicly available collection of funded scientific grants form the National Institutes of Health (NIH) based on data retrieved from CRISP. These documents comprise a comprehensive view of biomedical research funded by NIH in the United States.

Statistical Modeling Interactive Tool for Research Grant Analysis, NIH/NINDS Contract 127571 Continuation ($38,445, with subcontract to Bruce W. Herr and Katy Börner, $7,529) Aug.6-Nov.4,08.
Statistical Modeling Interactive Tool for Research Grant Analysis, NIH/NINDS Contract 127571 Continuation ($38,445, with subcontract to Bruce W. Herr and Katy Börner, $5,813) May 6-Aug.6,08.

Mapping Sustainability Research (MapSustain)
Previous Investigators: Jasleen Kaur
Previous Collaborators: Luis M. A. Bettencourt

This project will address such issues by delineating, analyzing and mapping both basic research and technology on sustainability. Specifically, we will compile a comprehensive dataset of scholarly publications, patents, research grants, policy documents and popular science pieces that together define the integrated knowledge of the field. Findings will be presented, discussed and disseminated via scholarly publications, online and at a workshop on the topic of sustainability.

SGER/Collaborative Research: Mapping the Structure and Evolution of Sustainability Science Research NSF CBET-0831636 award (Katy Börner & Luis Bettencourt, $104,197) Jan. 09-Dec. 10.

Science Policy Tool (SciPol)
Previous Collaborators: Kevin W. Boyack

The project supports (1) a detailed analysis of the information needs of a representative set of science policy makers, (2) the development of a conceptualization of science that is useful to map tasks relevant to science policy-making to theoretically-grounded and practically valuable processing pipelines that transform data into actionable information, and(3) the design of a prototypical tool that detects and communicates structure, patterns, trends and outliers in science and technology data.

TLS: Towards a Macroscope for Science Policy Decision Making. NSF SBE-0738111 award (Katy Börner, Weixia Huang, Kevin Boyack, $399,870) Jan. 08-Dec. 09.

Related Publications: Science of Science: Conceptualizations and Models of Science, 2009

Creative IT (CreativeIT)
Previous Collaborators: Ingo Günther, Liz Shea, and Monika Herzig

This Small Grants for Exploratory Research (SGER) funds a unique collaboration among artists and scientists with the goal to develop, implement, and validate novel metaphors and approaches to access, manage and communicate scholarly datasets. In particular, we are interested to develop means to show 'science from above' together with dynamic aspects of scientific evolution and progress.

Creative Metaphors to Stimulate New Approaches to Visualizing, Understanding, and Rethinking Large Repositories of Scholarly Data. NSF IIS-0715303 award (Katy Börner, $198,812) June 07-May 09.

Evaluating Large, Interdisciplinary Research Initiatives (TSEEN)
Previous Investigators: John W. Burgoon, Katy Börner, Russell Jackson Duhon, Renpeng Hu, and Angela Zoss
Previous Collaborators: Thomas Finholt, Jean-Daniel Fekete, Caroline Wagner, and Noshir S. Contractor

Cancer has surpassed heart disease as the #1 killer of adults under the age of 85 in the United States. Topping the list of offenders is lung cancer, a disease which is preventable.
This scientometric study aims to evaluate and compare investigator initiated R01-research and Transdisciplinary Tobacco Use Research Centers (TTURC) funded by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) between 1999 and 2009. The study results comprise a geospatial and topical analysis, a network analysis of collaboration networks, an $-input vs. publications-output analysis, and a temporal analysis of data trends and coverage. Results were interpreted by tobacco domain experts providing insight into the overall structure and evolution of tobacco research collaborations, interdisciplinary integration, and impact on science as a whole.

Evaluating Large, Interdisciplinary Research Initiatives, NIH/NCI Contract. (Katy Börner, $40,000) Sept.30, 08-March 1, 09.
Social Networking Tools to Enable Collaboration in the Tobacco Surveillance, Epidemiology, and Evaluation Network (TSEEN). Collaborative Systems NSF IIS-0534909 award (Katy Börner, $197,591) March 15, 06-Feb. 28, 09.
Collaborative proposal with Noshir S. Contractor, NCSA, Tom Finholt, University of Michigan, and Gary Giovino, University at Buffalo.

Related Publications: Taxonomy Visualization in Support of the Semi-Automatic Validation and Optimization of Organizational Schemas, 2007

Network Workbench (NWB)
Previous Investigators: Bruce W. Herr II, Ben Markines, Soma Sanyal, Vivek S. Thakre, Ramya Sabbineni, Russell Jackson Duhon, Micah Linnemeier, Megha Ramawat, Timothy Kelley, Bryan J. Hook, Heng (Michael) Zhang, Patrick Phillips, and Felix Terkhorn
Previous Collaborators: Albert-László Barabási, Santiago Schnell, Alessandro Vespignani, Eric Wernert, and Stanley Wasserman

This project designs, serves and evaluates a unique tool for large-scale network analysis, modeling and visualization, named Network Workbench (NWB). The tool can be used--and datasets and algorithms can be easily added--by researchers, educators, and practitioners interested in the study of biomedical, social and behavioral science, physics, and other networks.

NSF IIS-0513650 award (Katy Börner, Albert-Laszlo Barabasi, Santiago Schnell, Alessandro Vespignani & Stanley Wasserman, Eric Wernert(Senior Personnel), $1,120,926) Sept. 05-Aug. 09.

Related Publications: Network Science, 2007

Places and Spaces: Mapping Science (SciMaps)
Previous Investigators: Bruce W. Herr II, Gavin LaRowe, Sumeet Adinath Ambre, Elisha F. Allgood, Elisha F. Allgood, Weixia (Bonnie) Huang, Thomas Neirynck, Julie M. Smith, Fileve Palmer, Shravan Rajagopal, Roxana Lucia Cazan, Bryan J. Hook, Mark Price, and Sumeet Adinath Ambre
Current Collaborators: Margaret Clements
Previous Collaborators: William S. Bainbridge

Places & Spaces: Mapping Science is meant to inspire cross-disciplinary discussion on how to best track and communicate human activity and scientific progress on a global scale. It has two components: the physical part supports the close inspection of high quality reproductions of maps for display at conferences and education centers; the online counterpart provides links to a selected series of maps and their makers along with detailed explanations of how these maps work. The exhibit is a 10-year effort. Each year, 10 new maps are added resulting in 100 maps total in 2014.

Modeling Co-Evolving Scholarly Networks (ModSci)
Previous Investigators: Soma Sanyal, Jon Burgoyne, and Nianli Ma

This project is part of a larger initiative to chart and communicate the evolution of science on a global scale and to provide more effective means of accessing and managing humanity's scholarly knowledge and expertise. Most research in Bibliometrics, Scientometrics or Knowledge Domain Visualizations has focued on the generation of descriptive models that aim to describe the maor features of a data set. This project develops analysis, modeling and visualization approaches to track, simulate and visualize the diffusion of materialistic (objects, people, etc.) and non-materialistic (ideas, fitness, etc.) entities over space and time. A specific focus is upon the modeling of information flows in co-evolving scholarly networks.

Related Publications: Science of Science: Conceptualizations and Models of Science, 2009

Science of Science Cyberinfrastructure Portal (SOSCI)
Previous Investigators: Qizheng (Stanley) Bao, and Shreyas Ahir

The projects represents the first attempt to construct a marketplace for network scientists and others to share datasets, algorithms, publications, code, and questions in a non-mediated environment--a "You Tube" for cyberinfrastructure.

Epidemics Cyberinfrastructure (EpiC)

This project aims to: (1) develop a novel type of cyberinfrastructure called EpiC, resembling a shell that can be filled with epidemics-related resources such as datasets, algorithms and components; (2) Setup and maintain an EpiC Marketplace that serves as an index to EpiC, and; (3) apply EpiC prototypically to tackle research questions about computational approaches to modeling--

InfoVis Cyberinfrastructure (IVC)
Previous Investigators: Jason Baumgartner, Shashikant Penumarthy, Bruce W. Herr II, Jeegar Maru, Nathan James Deckard, and Ketan K. Mane

The IVC provides access to a comprehensive set of software packages easing the exploration, modification, comparison and extension of data mining and information visualization algorithms. Diverse software packages were bundled into learning modules. It is intended to complement theoretical study of specific IV algorithms and the critique and evaluation of existing applications.

The Scholarly Database (SDB)
Previous Investigators: Stacy Kowalczyk, Gavin LaRowe, and Rashmi Aroskar

The Scholarly Database (SDB) at Indiana University aims to serve researchers and practitioners interested in the analysis, modeling, and visualization of large-scale scholarly datasets. The online interface at provides access to four datasets: Medline papers, U.S. Patent and Trademark Office patents (USPTO), National Science Foundation (NSF) funding, and National Institutes of Health (NIH) funding – over 20 million records in total. Users can register for free to cross-search these databases and to download result sets as dumps for scientometrics research and science policy practice.

Related Publications: The Scholarly Database and Its Utility for Scientometrics Research, 2007

Lab/Center Management System (IVL)
Previous Investigators: John W. Burgoon, Sumeet Adinath Ambre, Elisha F. Allgood, Weixia (Bonnie) Huang, Thomas Neirynck, Mathias Niepert, Chung-Yang (Kenneth) Lee, Bryan J. Hook, Richard S. Pinapati, Qizheng (Stanley) Bao, Pragnesh Patel, Mark Price, Nirav Ajay Mehta, Shreyas Ahir, and Sumeet Adinath Ambre

The data management system serves leaders and members of scholarly units (e.g. research institutions, laboratories or centers) to organize, store and access information relevant to their work and the operation of their unit. It stores major data types such as people, projects, teaching, publications, presentations, calls/events, datasets, software, hardware and funding and their inter-linkages in support of temporal, geospatial and network analyses.

Cyberinfrastructure Shell (CIShell)
Previous Investigators: Shashikant Penumarthy, Todd Holloway, Ben Markines, Weixia (Bonnie) Huang, Vivek S. Thakre, Ramya Sabbineni, and Todd Holloway

The Cyberinfrastructure Shell (CIShell) is an open source, community-driven platform for the integration and utilization of datasets, algorithms, tools and computing resources. Algorithm integration support is built in for Java and most other programming languages. It is at the heart of the NWB Tool and EpiC infrastructures.

Wikipedia Analysis and Visualization (Wikipedia)
Previous Investigators: Bruce W. Herr II, Todd Holloway, and Todd Holloway

Analyzed and visualized the evolution, and the influencing factors in that evolution, of Wikipedia. These techniques also led to advancing social network visualization and data mining techniques. The visualization can be explored at

Taxonomy Validator/Visualizer (TV)
Previous Investigators: Bruce W. Herr II, Todd Holloway, and Todd Holloway

A program that determined the aptitude of a fit between a taxonomy and its categorized entities.

AkuVis: Interactive Visualization of Acoustic Data (AkuVis)

AkuVis was a joint project involving government researchers from the Institute of Public Health NRW, the German TÜV, the Artificial Intelligence Group and the Department of Mathematics at the University of Bielefeld. The goal of this project was the 3D visualization and interactive audio-visual exploration of acoustic noise data collected by the German TÜV. The application is of practical use for governmental decisions about noise protection regulations for new streets, industrial areas, etc. See also the AkuVis homepage at (NRW Grant -Germany).

Building Blocks for Virtual Worlds: Design Principles for a Starter Kit for Educational Virtual Worlds (Building Blocks)
Previous Investigators: Shashikant Penumarthy, and Elijah Wright
Previous Collaborators: Bonnie Jean DeVarco, and Margaret Corbit

This project designed principles for a "basic starter kit" for using Activeworlds technology. It synthesized lessons learned by the educational 3-D multi-user virutal worlds community into a set of design principles that were shared within our community and within the broader community of educational technology (Center for Innovative Learning Technologies (CILT) Grant no. EIA-0124012 from the National Science Foundation to SRI International under subcontract to Indiana University).

Project ENABLE: Learning through Associations in a Grid-based Bioinformatics Digital Library (ENABLE)
Previous Investigators: Ketan K. Mane, and Weimao Ke
Previous Collaborators: Donald G. Gilbert, Snehasis Mukhopadhyay, Javed Mostafa, and Mathew J. Palakal

ENABLE is an acronym for Extensible Networked Association-based Bioinformatics Learning Environment. The main objectives of this project were:(1) Association-based learning--Gaining an understanding of relationships among bioinformatics resournces, data and tools is a major barrier for students in the field; (2) Extending DL technologies--ENABLE focused upon both collection managment and end-user services; (3) An integrated environment of merged DL and Grid computing technologies created to meet the identified needs (NSF DUE-0333623).

Mapping Aging Research (MapAging)
Previous Collaborators: Kevin W. Boyack

This research analyzed and visualized the impact of governmental funding on the amount and quality of research publications. For the First time, grant and publication data were interlinked on one map. Resulting visualizations showed an information landscape of aging-related data--which provided NIH with a tool to discover general patterns and trends (NIH Demo Fund).

iUniverse: A Collaborative Information University for IU (iUniverse)
Previous Collaborators: Susan C. Herring, Sasha Barab, Daniel Hickey, William Blanton, Christopher Essex, Yu-Chen (Alan) Lin, and Sy-Miaw Lin

This project established the "3D Virtual Reality Chat & Design Tool" by on the IU campus. It allows building compelling, multi-modal, multi-user navigable collaborative virtual environments inhabited by avatars. It was used in the L578 User Interface Design court taught at SLIS to build effective human-computer interfaces inside VR environments that are linked to traditional web-based material ( Indiana University's High Performance Network Applications Program ).

LVIS: Visual Interfaces to Digital Library (LVis)
Previous Collaborators: Margaret Dolinsky, and Andrew Dillon

Lvis (Digital Library Visualizer) supported navigation through complex information spaces. It provided a multi-modal, virtual reality interface that maps data stored in digital libraries onto an information landscape. This landscape could then be explored by human users in a natural, efficient manner through related articles. The first 2D and 3D prototye visualized search results from the Dido Image Bank Department of Fine Arts, Art History Division. See also Information Visualization at SLIS: and

Center of Excellence for Computational Diagnostics (CCD)
Previous Collaborators: Clement J. McDonald, Terry Vik, Munro Peacock, Sven Rahmann, David E. Clemmer, Susanne Ragg, Ilka Ott, and Zina Ben-Miled

Advances in medical instrumentation have optimized the process of data collections about a patient's medical condition. Clincical and dianostic variables for patients can be collected more easily than it was possible before. This vas explosition of data generated by new high throuput technologies required novel appraches to data managment analysis and display. Clincial data must be integrated and analyzed in concert with data from various other sources, such as genomic and proteomic sources available in hundreds of different databases. Rendering these large amounts of data in actionable knowledge for the benefit of patient care requires the combined effort of mathematicians, computer scientists, proteomic researchers and information scientists (21st Century Grant ).

Mapping Chemistry (MapChem)
Previous Investigators: Gavin LaRowe, and Weimao Ke

This Small Grant for Exploratory Research (SGER) supported a pilot study that identified the domain structures of Chemistry, Biochemistry, the Life Sciences and their interactions. Advanced data mining and visualization techniques were applied to analyze the ciation links among papers published in the approximately 1,300 journals related to these fields. Secondly, sets of journals and associated research areas that were either major sources or consumers with respect to other domains were identified. Thirdly, information diffusion studies were performed. Following, all analysis, visualization techniques and results were thoroughly vetted, interpreted and optimized in collaboration with domain experts (NSF CHE-0524661 Award).

Mapping Indiana's Intellectual Space (MapIN)

This projected mapped the intellectual space of Indiana, based upon proposal and award data provided by the 21st Century Fund and data in the IVCSF. It focused upon identifying pockets of innovation, the pathways that ideas took to become products, and the interplay of academia and industry.

VegoWelt (VegoWelt)

VegoWelt was a smart virtual environment that used a children's playroom scenario for demonstrating and evaluating the support of manipulation activity. Human-computer interaction proceeded via direct manipulation of virtual 3D building blocks. The approach of "Conceptual Analogy" was applied to organize user generated designs in concept hierarchies as well as to support the design of complex assemblies by applying existing concepts.Funded by Postdoc Fellowship from the German Academic Exchange Center (DAAD) in Smart Virtual Environments. .

Collaborative Information Visualizations: Twin-Worlds--Memory Palaces and Mirror Gardens (TwinWorlds)

iPalace and iGarden were twin worlds used to design and evaluate a shared resource of online documents for faculty and students at the School of Library and Information Science at Indiana University. The iPalace world aimed to support efficient and intuitive information access and management and consisted of semantically organized online documents laid out in a 3-D space. Its users could collaboratively examine, discuss, and modify (add/delete resources, annotate) documents, thereby converting this document space into an ever-evolving repository of the user community's collective knowledge that members can access, learn from, contribute to, and build upon. The space became a shared 'Memory Palace' representing a common understanding of different theories by the community. The iGarden - officially 'Mirror Garden' - world visualized user interaction data such as navigation, manipulation, chatting, and Web access activity. It was created based upon mined web logs collected in the Memory Palace. It was used to evaluate the effectiveness and usability, optimize design properties, or to examine the evolving user community of a world.

iScape: Information Landscape (iScape)

The iScape world was dedicated to the analysis and visual display of information for teaching and research purposes. The Internet has been developing into a collective memory of human knowledge, yet global connectivity led to the decentralization of information storage, processing, and access. The common method of accessing Digital Libraries or the Web is a text-based query issued by a single user and typically resulting in a potentially very long list of matching documents or webpages. iScape was a shared virtual desktop world dedicated to the analysis, the visual display, and the collaborative exploration and management of information. Data mining and information visualization techniques were applied to extract and visualize semantic relationships in search results. Active World technology was exploited to facilitate complex and sophisticated human-computer and human-human interaction.

Information Visualization Software Repository (IVC)

The Information Visualization Software Repository Project began in 2000. The repository was used to teach the Information Visualization class at Indiana University (Dr. Katy Börner, SLIS S637). The repository continues to be a resource for researchers and practitioners of visualization techniques.

Visualizing Network Dynamics Competition (NetSci07)
Previous Investigators: Bruce W. Herr II, and Elisha F. Allgood
Previous Collaborators: Stephen Miles Uzzo, and Marcia Rudy

The visualization of networks plays an important role in the sense making of analytical results but also for the communication of results within and across disciplinary boundaries but also to the general public. While the visualization of static networks is supported by diverse commercial and research tools, the visualization of dynamic networks is an open research problem. However, almost all real world networks are dynamically evolving over time in response to their usage. Hence it is important to develop approaches and tools to communicate the changing structure of networks, activity patterns over networks and the interplay of structural evolution and network usage. This competition was held concurrently with NetSci07, at Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana.

International Workshop and Conference on Network Science (NetSci06)
Previous Collaborators: Albert-László Barabási, Alessandro Vespignani, Stanley Wasserman, and Noshir S. Contractor

The International Workshop/School and Conference on Network Science brought togther leading reasearchers and practitioners in Network Science--analysts, modeling experts and visualization specialists with graduate students from many research disciplines for interdisciplinary communication and collaboration

NSF Workshop on Knowledge Management and Visualization Tools in Support of Discovery (CDI08)
Previous Collaborators: Stephen Miles Uzzo, Mark Gerstein, and Luis M. A. Bettencourt

CDI explored a new generation of computationally-based discovery concepts and tools at the intersection of the computational and the physical and biological worlds. Envisioned were: (1) new techniques that help scientists and engineers to uncover fresh knowledge from vast amounts of data; (2) means to understand complex interactions in systems ranging from living cells to binary star systems, or from computer networks to societies; (3) improved simulation and other dynamic modeling techniques to support experiments … that are not feasible in the real world, and; (4) education and outreach efforts.

TSEEN Supplement (TSEEN-China)

The supplement supported travel expenses to the People's Republic of China to attend, and contribute to, international discussions concerning the development of cyberinfrastructure to support tobacco cessation efforts, and to apply these principles more broadly to epidemics modeling research (NSF IIS-0737783).

Mapping Science Exhibit at the 233rd National Meeting and Expositon of the American Chemical Society in Chicago, IL (MapChemExpo)

This special grant supported the exhibition and discussion of Places and Spaces, and Science Mapping concepts at the ACS Annual Meeting in Chicago Illinois.

SCI-Collaborative Workshop: The Role of Social Network Research in Enabling Cyberinfrastructure and the Role of Cyberinfrastructure in Enabling Social Network Research (SNAC)

The goal of the NSF-funded (NSF SCI-0533892) workshop was to set out a research road map for the future relationship of social network analysis and cyberinfrastructure development. For the first time, leading international researchers and practitioners in social network analysis were brought together with the scientists and technologists who developed cyberinfrastructure for their research communities.

Mapping Indiana's Intellectual Space-Equipment Grant (MapIN-Equip)

This projects aimed to map the intellectual space of Indiana based upon proposal and award data provided by the 21st Century Fund and data in the IVCSF. Of particular interest was the mapping of 'pockets of innovation' and the pathways that ideas took to become products and the interplay of academia and industry.

Development of a Spatial-Experimental Laboratory for Research and Policy Analysis Related to Complex Systems (SELab)
Previous Investigators: Katy Börner
Previous Collaborators: Elinor Ostrom, Jerome Busemeyer, Tom Evans, James Walker, and Robert Huckfeldt

NSF/BCS-0215738 Major Research Instrumentation Grant.

Visualizing Knowledge Domains (KDVis)
Previous Investigators: Nidhi Sobti, Sidharth Thakur, Peter A Hook, Ning Yu, Elijah Wright, Gavin LaRowe, Russell Jackson Duhon, Ketan K. Mane, and Weimao Ke

This project demonstrated the utility of advanced data mining and information visualization techniques to support science and technology management. Large amount of publication, patent and grant data were analyzed, correlated and visualized the map the semanic spaces of researchers, publications, funding and associated fields. The resulting visualizations were used to objectively identify major research areas, experts, institutions, grants, publications, journals, etc., in a major research area. Funded by NSF CAREER grant 0238261.

Related Publications: Examining the Evolution and Distribution of Patent Classifications, 2004


An interdisciplinary national network enabling collaboration and discovery between scientists across all disciplines

Related Grants: NIH 1U24RR029822-01

Monitoring, Modeling, and Forecasting Tools for Fostering an Innovative S&T Workforce (ModSW)
Current Collaborators: Dr. Dowman P. Varn